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Data Alliance Antennas Signal Loss in Antenna Cables.  LMR-100, LMR-200, LMR-400

Tech Support - Signal Loss in Antenna Cables

    RG58 Compared to LMR-200 & LMR-100 Coax: Shielding & Signal Loss

    Frequency (MHZ) RG58 LMR-200
    100 0.048 0.038
    200 0.073 0.048
    400 0.114 0.068
    500 0.125 0.070
    900 0.195 0.228
    1000 0.213 0.119
    1500 0.245 0.129
    2400 0.354 0.169

    RG58, LMR-100 and LMR-200 all have the following characteristics in common:

    • 50 Ohm impedance
    • A weather-resilient polyethylene (PE) dielectric
    • PVC outer jacket

    Structural comparison of RG58 and LMR-100 (aside from what is mentioned above):

    • LMR-100 is a 50 Ohm coaxial cable which shares structural and material similarities with RG58, but has an overall lower diameter of 2.79mm (0.110 inches). 
    • RG58 and LMR-100 have the following key differences:
      • LMR-100 carries a solid bare copper-covered steel (BCCS) central conductor of 0.46mm 
      • LMR-100 is a double shielded coaxial cable.  The inner shield is made from aluminum tape and the outer shield of braided, tinned copper.

    Structural comparison of RG58 and LMR-200 (aside from what is mentioned in the first paragraph above):

    • LMR-200 is a larger diameter (6.1mm 0.24inches) low loss coaxial cable that has double shielding (meaning less loss of signal along the length of the cable), with braided tinned copper and aluminum tape layers coating the dielectric and inner conductor.
    • LMR-200 possesses a larger conductor of 1.42mm diameter made from bare copper (BC) 

    About RG58

    Electrical characteristics of RG58 The typical impedance is within a 2 Ohm range of 50 Ohm. It operates at frequencies up to 5GHz. The conductor resistance is 38.4 Ohm. The dielectric resistance is 500 Ohm.

    Structure and material composition of RG58 cable

    Like all other coaxial cable, RG58 comprises an inner conducting wire, surrounded by and insulating layer and outer conducting shielding. RG58 coax cable is typically manufactured to the U.S. specifications MIL-C-17F and MIL-C-17G 9.

    • The conductor has a diameter of 0.91mm (0.036 inches) and is made from stranded (7 or 19 strand), tinned copper wire, which has added resistance to oxidation and is readily soldered. Solid conductor variants are also available.
    • The dielectric diameter is 2.95mm (0.116 inches) and is made from solid polyethylene (PE). Polythene is heat stable up to a maximum operating temperature of 80 degrees Celsius (176 degrees Fahrenheit), provides flexibility, fire resistance and resilience against abrasions and weathering.
    • RG58 is shielded with flexible and heat stable tinned copper wire braid with coverage of between 70% and 95% depending on manufacturer.
    • The outer jacket of RG58 cable is made from UV-resistant PVC, which is heat-stable but has limited resistance to acids, alkalis and inorganic solvents.
    • The overall diameter of this cable is 5mm (0.2 inches).

    RG58 is a coaxial cable type for antenna cables, made to strict U.S government specifications. The ‘RG’ pre-fix stands for ‘Radio Frequency Government’ and the number refers to the gauge of the cable.

    RG58 applications This coax cable performs well for a variety of radio frequency communication applications in a low-power setting. Key applications include:

    • Testing and measurement
    • Ham and emergency services radio
    • Marine VHF
    • WLAN antennas

    Comparison of RG58 with LMR-100 and LMR-200

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    RG174 compared to LMR-100 Coax : Shielding and Signal Loss

    RG174 and LMR100 Both are compatible with WiFi, Cellular, and most IoT wireless applications. LMR-100 is double-shielded and suitable for outdoor as well as indoor use.  RG174 has a single shield and is not suitable for long-term outdoor use. ATTENUATION Signal Loss: dB/ft. Signal Loss: dB/ft. Frequency (MHZ) RG174 LMR-100 100 0.088 0.038 200 0.140 0.100 400 0.220 0.146 500 0.159 900 0.300 0.228 1000 0.320 1500 0.301 2400 0.750 0.390 RG174 is a small, flexible, coax for antenna cables, with an American Wire [...]

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    U.FL Cables Coax Types Compared: 1.13mm, 1.32mm, RG174, RG178

    1.13mm coaxial cable is the most commonly-used coax for U.FL cables - especially short cables.  1.13 is the only coax that can be used with MHF4 cables. When connecting U.FL connector to a jack on a miniPCI card or board, sometimes the tight space requires the use of 1.13mm cable, because it is very thin and [...]

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    LMR-200 cable specifications / characteristics

    LMR-200 "Low loss cable" differs from RG58 and other coax standards by double shielding and less attenuation (signal loss in the cable) than the standard cables (e.g. RG58).  LMR-200 is equivalent or better quality compared to LMR-200 (generally better because LMR-200 is double-shielded).Rated for outdoor use and are also suitable for indoor use. very flexible/easily bendable coaxThe [...]

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    Double Shielding of Antenna Cables for Low Signal Loss

    Interference and Cable Shielding Shielding protects against both leakage and absorption of stray radiation of electrical noise by cables.Electrical "signal noise" interferes with the operation of antennas and antenna cables. Cables carrying high frequency charge naturally pose the risk of EMI transfer - both from shedding interference as well as accepting it. While insulation protects antenna cables from physical [...]

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    LMR-400 Coax Specifications / Characteristics: Lowest Signal Loss in Its Class

    Structure: LMR-400 is a 50-ohm coaxial cable that was originally made to replace lower quality coax cables such as the RG-8. The 400 represents the cable diameter. The LMR-400 actually has a diameter of 0.405 or 10.29 mm though it is classified as a 400, similar to most coaxial cables in its class such as [...]

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    CLF-100 Coax Specifications / Characteristics. Comparison to LMR-100

    CLF-100 and LMR-100 have the same structure and shielding CLF-100 "Low loss cable" differs from RG174 and other coax standards by double shielding and the resulting less attenuation (signal loss in the cable) than RG174 and RG178.  CLF-100 is equivalent or better quality compared to LMR-100. Applications: Suitable for all frequency bands between 0 and 18GHz: [...]

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    Signal Loss (Attenuation) in LMR-100 & LMR-200 Cables Five to Ten Feet in Length

    Six feet is not too long for the LMR-100 and LMR-100-equivalent cable that we use for shorter antenna cables. However, it is right at the threshold at which we would recommend that you consider the thicker cable.    This comparison shows that the expenditure for the thicker cable, which is about 25% higher cost, is proportional [...]

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    U.FL & MHF4 Antenna Cables: Thickness of Cable & other Key Considerations

    Data Alliance offers three options of thickness of the coaxial cable for U.FL cables:  1.13mm, 1.32mm and RG174:   All three have a black jacket.  All three are RoHS and REACH compliant. All three are impedance-matched to 50 Ohm antennas and antenna cables, and compatible with frequency bands from 0GHz to 11GHz - therefore compatible with almost all typical wireless applications.  MHF4 cables [...]

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